Since PID is caused by bacteria, the standard treatment is antibiotic. Many different bacteria may cause an episode of PID, so your health care provider may prescribe antibiotics that are effective against a wide range of bacteria before receiving the results of your laboratory tests. The antibiotics may be adjusted once your test results come in.
Treatment may be started in women with symptoms of PID before final test results are confirmed because complications of the disease may be prevented by taking antibiotics immediately. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), health care providers should start treating sexually active young women and other women at risk for STIs if they have motion tenderness of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or cervix.
Be sure to take the entire prescribed amount of antibiotics even if your symptoms go away.
More severe cases may require you to stay in the hospital for treatment. You may need to be hospitalized for PID if you:
Are severely ill
Do not respond to or cannot take oral medicine
Need intravenous (in the vein) antibiotics
Have an abscess (swelling) in your fallopian tube or ovary
If your symptoms continue after treatment, you may need surgery, because complications of PID such as chronic pelvic pain and scarring are difficult to treat, but may improve with surgery.