After a pelvic exam has been conducted, your health care provider will determine if there was any abnormal tenderness, pain, discharge, or bleeding, and may perform further tests.
Tests and procedures may include:
Wet prep or wet mount microscopic examination - a sterile, moist cotton swab is used to get a sample of the discharge. Slides from the discharge are prepared, and then viewed under a microscope.
Endocervical culture for gonorrhea, chlamydia, or other organisms - a scraping of mucus and cells is taken from the endocervix (the opening of the uterus). Smears are placed on slides or culture media (or both) and examined.
Laparoscopy - a surgical procedure in which a tube is inserted through a small incision near the navel, allowing a health care provider to view the internal abdominal and pelvic organs and to take specimens to examine in the laboratory.
Pelvic ultrasound or CT scan
WBC - blood is drawn from the vein to measure the number of white blood cells.
ESR (sed rate) - blood is drawn from the vein to measure how much inflammation is in the body.
Contact your health care provider to be tested for PID or sexually transmitted disease. If left untreated, PID may cause ectopic pregnancy, infertility, and chronic pelvic pain.