To diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease, health care providers consider symptoms and perform a pelvic exam.
During a pelvic exam, your health care provider will check for:
Abnormal vaginal or cervical discharge
Masses near your ovaries or fallopian tubes
Tenderness or pain of your abdomen, cervix, uterus, and ovaries
Also, during the pelvic exam, your health care provider may take samples from your vagina and cervix to examine, and may also need to prescribe further exams and tests to determine how widespread the infection is.
Tests are usually necessary to diagnose PID because symptoms can be mild and similar to those of some other diseases.
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of PID, or if you think you have been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease because early treatment can limit long-term complications such as infertility and chronic pelvic pain.